|Auteur(s):||G. Montaldo, M. Tanter and M. Fink
|Titre:||Iterative time reversal as a solution for real time inverse filter focusing
|Référence:||World Congress on Ultrasonics, 2003
|Type de publication:||Communication à un congrès avec actes
|Soumis en Mars 2003|
Optimal focusing through heterogeneous media can be achieved by processing an inverse filter of the propagation operator. Time-reversal processing achieves such an inverse filter in non dissipative media. However, as soon as losses appear in the medium, time-reversal is no more equivalent to an inverse filter. Consequently, it does no more produce the optimal focusing and beam degradations may appear. In such cases, previous works have shown that the optimal focusing can be recovered by using a spatio-temporal inverse filter technique. This process requires the presence of a set of receivers inside the medium but allows to reach the optimal focusing even in extreme situations. To date, such a technique remained time consuming and implied fastidious numerical calculations. We propose here a new approach in order to process this inverse filtering in real time and without any calculation. This process is based on iterative time reversal processing. Contrary to the classical inversion, this iteration does not require any computation as it achieves the inverse filter experimentally using waves propagation instead of computational power. The feasibility of this iterative technique is theoretically and experimentally demonstrated for ultrasound applications and its potential for telecommunications between set of emitters and set of receivers is discussed.
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